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TURKEY: Tea and culinary delights - 4. Anamur - Izmir

Mamure Fortress was founded in the Roman times. It was actively used in the Byzantine period and during the Crusades. Seljuk Turks seized the castle in 1221. They called it Mamure, which means "prosperous." After the citadel lost its military importance, a caravanserai was created on its territory. Recently, the ruins were restored and opened for visitors. The most southern point of the Turkish Mediterranean coast was inhabited a long time ago. The City of Anamurum was founded by the Phoenicians. They were replaced by the Hittites. After them came Assyrians and Persians. Alexander the Great and the Romans checked in here. Alania was founded in the 2nd century BC by the Greek colonists. In Roman times, the city became a haven for smugglers and pirates. They kept at bay all the Eastern Mediterranean territories and actively traded slaves. The Romans undertook the punitive expedition. And Mark Antony gave the city, cleared of pirates, to the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra. Side - a resort town, and in the evening life gets busy. Tourists stroll through the streets and the beach side, sit in cafes and restaurants, consider souvenirs in shop windows. All, more or less, noticeable ruins are illuminated by the spotlights at night. During the Roman period, Aspendos was one of the three largest cities of Pamphylia. However, in Byzantine times, it gradually fell into disrepair. In the 7th century, it was attacked several times by Arabs. And in the beginning of the 8th century, the city was captured by Seljuk Turks. Gozleme - a traditional dish of Turkish cuisine. It's something between a pancake and a thin pita. The filling can be literally anything. Most often used are: spinach, cheese, meat, seafood, eggs, potatoes, mushrooms. Or all at once. Silion was founded by the veterans of the Trojan War. People lived here in the Roman, Byzantine and Seljuk periods of history. In 1969, there was a bad earthquake. The mountain split. Part of it fell down, burying forever an amphitheater and an odeon, temples and houses. The Olympus was called in honor of the mountain with the same name, it was founded at its footsteps in the 3rd century BC. The ruins of the ancient city: basilica walls, a theater, tombs and sarcophagi — hide in the thickets of dense vegetation. The Patara Beach is included in the top ten beaches of Turkey. But in the cloudy weather, moreover, after a night of thunder-storms, it does not look presentable. The antique city of Patara was one of the largest seaports of Lycia. Ancient Phoenicians founded it. The oracle of the local temple of Apollo was no less influential, than the famous Delphic oracle. The Roman emperor Adrian lived in Patara, and Paul the Apostle stopped here on his way to Rome. The future bishop of Mira — Saint Nicolas, the prototype of Christmas Santa Claus, was born in Patara in the 4th century. The Xanthos obelisk was established in 480 BC in honor of the great fighter, who took many victories in fights and forever glorified his family and his hometown. The ruins of the Byzantine basilica have remained, and the ancient Lycean necropolis. The ruins of the antique Lycean City of Pynara, with its name in translation from Lycean language meaning "round", lie at the foot of the mountain Kragus or Babadag, in Turkish language. The ancient Greek City of Knid, or Knidos in Greek, is 110 kilometers from Marmaris, on the tip of Datcha Peninsula. On the left, there is the Mediterranean Sea, and on the right — already the Aegean Sea. The name of the City of Kushadasi in translation from Turkish means "The bird's island". And it is really an island. There is an old fortress on it. The island is connected to the coast by a dam and it is easy to get to it. But the entrance to the fortress is closed at night. The Turkish City of Selchuk used to be called Ayasoluk until 1914. This name comes from the Greek Fortress of Agios Feologos — in honor of John the Evangelist. Ethesus is the most popular tourist sight of Turkey. The library of Celsius and the brothel, located directly opposite, — the most popular buildings of Ethesus among tourists. Izmir is among the most ancient cities of Turkey. It doesn't lie in ruins as many of its coevals, it lives and develops. On the Pagos Mountain, there are preserved ruins of the ancient Fortress of Kadifkale. However, it is not a museum sight, but one of old urban areas. People still live here, leading their traditional lifestyle.