Peaceful Germans of the soldiers of the red Army in 1945
Ordinary German citizens to see the Soviet soldiers of the people was not less difficult than that — to turn away from hatred. For four years, the German Reich waged war with the repulsive subhuman, led by the blood intoxicated Bolsheviks; the image of the enemy was too familiar to immediately abandon it.
Victims of propaganda
"It's been half a day since the Russians came, and I'm still alive." This phrase, uttered with undisguised amazement by the German old woman, was the quintessence of German fears. The propagandists of Dr. Goebbels achieved serious success: the arrival of the Russian population was afraid sometimes even more than death.
The officers of the Wehrmacht and the police, who knew enough about the crimes committed by the Nazis in the East, shot themselves and killed their families. In the memories of Soviet soldiers there is a lot of evidence of such tragedies.
"We ran into the house. It was the post office. There's an old man over 60 years old, in the form of a postman. "What's going on?"While talking, I hear shots in the house, inside in the far corner... It turns out that settled in the post office with his family German officer-policeman. We're in there with guns. Opened the door, barged in, looking, German sitting in a chair, spread his arms, the blood from his temple. And on the bed, a woman and two children, he shot them, he sat in a chair and shot himself, then we descended. The gun lying next to it."
In war, they quickly got used to death; however, you can not get used to the death of innocent children. And the Soviet soldiers did everything possible to prevent such tragedies.
Terrible Russian soldiers smiled exactly like real people; they even knew German composers-who would have thought that this is possible! The story, as if descended from a propaganda poster, but completely authentic: in the newly liberated Vienna, the Soviet soldiers who stopped at a halt saw a piano in one of the houses. "Not indifferent to music, I suggested to my Sergeant, Anatoly Shats, a pianist by profession, to test on the instrument, whether he had forgotten how to play," Boris Gavrilov recalled. - Having touched the soft keys, he suddenly began to play without a warm-up at a strong pace. The soldiers fell silent. It was a long-forgotten peace time, which only occasionally reminded of itself in dreams. From the surrounding houses began to approach the locals. Waltz for waltz-it was Strauss! - attracted people, opening their souls for smiles, for life. The soldiers were smiling, the crowns were smiling..."
Reality quickly destroyed the stereotypes created by Nazi propaganda — and as soon as the inhabitants of the Reich began to realize that their lives were not in danger, they returned to their homes. When the red army soldiers on the morning of 2 January, the village took In, found in it only two old men and an old woman; the next day, the village has been more than 200 people. In the town of Chesterfield to the arrival of Soviet troops left 10 people; towards evening returned from the forest 2638 people. The next day, the city began to establish a peaceful life. The locals were surprised to say to each other:"the Russians not only do us no harm, but also take care that we do not starve."
When the forty-first German soldiers entered the Soviet cities, they soon began to hunger: food was used for the needs of the Wehrmacht and was taken to the Reich, and the townspeople went to the foot feed. In the forty-fifth everything was exactly the opposite: as soon as the occupied Soviet cities began to operate the occupation administration, the locals began to receive food rations — even more than they were given before.
The astonishment experienced by the Germans who realized this fact clearly sounds in the words of the resident of Berlin Elizabeth Schmeer: "we were told by the Nazis that if the Russians come here, they will not"pour us with rose oil". It turned out quite differently: the defeated people, whose army has caused so many misfortunes to Russia, the winners give food more than we were given by the previous government. It's hard for us to understand. Only Russians seem to be capable of such humanism."
The actions of the Soviet occupation authorities were, of course, not only humanistic, but also pragmatic. However, the fact that the red army voluntarily shared food with the locals, no pragmatism can not be explained; it was a movement of the soul.
Two million raped German women
Immediately after the war, began to actively spread the myth that Soviet soldiers allegedly raped 2 million German women. This figure was first cited by the British historian Anthony bivor in his book "the Fall of Berlin".