The great Russian scientist, he was several times nominated for the Nobel prize, devoted his life to the disclosure of the mysteries of the human brain, treated people with hypnosis, studied telepathy and psychology of the crowd.
Mysticism and materialism
Vladimir Bekhterev's experiments with hypnosis were perceived ambiguously by his contemporaries, especially by the scientific community. At the end of the XIX century to hypnosis attitude was skeptical: it was considered almost quackery and mysticism. Bekhterev proved that this mysticism can be used only in an applied way. Vladimir Mikhaylovich sent out on city streets the carts collecting drunks of the capital and delivering them to the scientist, and after carried out sessions of mass treatment of alcoholism by means of hypnosis. Only then, thanks to the incredible results of treatment, hypnosis is recognized as an official method of treatment.
A map of the brain
Bekhterev approached the question of studying the brain with the enthusiasm inherent in the pioneers of the era of great geographical discoveries. In those days, the brain was a real Terra Incognita. Based on a number of experiments Bekhterev created a method that allows to thoroughly study the pathways of nerve fibers and cells. Thousands of the thinnest layers of the frozen brain alternately fastened under the glass of the microscope, and they made detailed sketches, which created the "Atlas of the brain." One of the creators of such atlases, German Professor Kopsh, said: "know perfectly the device of the brain only two-God and Bekhterev."
In 1918 Bekhterev established the Institute for the study of the brain. With him, the scientist creates a laboratory for parapsychology, whose main task was to study the reading of thought at a distance. Bekhterev was absolutely convinced of the materiality of thought and practical telepathy. To solve the problems of the world revolution, a group of scientists is not only thoroughly engaged in the study of neurobiological reactions, but also tries to read the language of Shambala, plans a trip to the Himalayas as part of the Roerich expedition.
Analysis of communication problems
Questions of communication, mutual mental influence of people on each other occupy one of the Central places in the socio-psychological theory and collective experiment of V. M. Bekhterev. Bekhterev considered the social role and functions of communication on the example of specific types of communication: imitation and suggestion. "If there were no imitation," he wrote,"there could not be a person as a social individual, but meanwhile imitation draws its main material from communication with their own kind, between which, thanks to cooperation, a kind of mutual induction and mutual suggestion develops." Bekhterev was one of the first scientists who was seriously engaged in psychology of the collective person and psychology of crowd.
Tireless scientist involved in the experiments, even their children. It is thanks to his curiosity that modern scientists have knowledge about the psychology inherent in the infant period of human maturation. In his article "the Initial evolution of children's drawing in objective study" Bekhterev analyzes the drawings of "girl M", which is actually his fifth child, beloved daughter Masha. However, interest in the drawings soon faded, leaving the door ajar in the undeveloped field of information, which were now provided to followers. New and unknown has always distracted the scientist from the already developed and partially developed.
Experiments with animals
V. M. Bekhterev with the help of trainer V. L. Durov had about 1278 experiments in mental suggestion information dogs. Of these, 696 were considered successful, and that, according to the experimenters, solely because of incorrectly compiled tasks. Processing of the material showed that "answers the dog was not a matter of chance and depended on the influence of the experimenter". Here is how he described V. M. Bekhterev third experience, when a dog named Picchi had to jump on a round chair and hit a paw in the right side of the piano keyboard. "And that dog Picchi in front of Durov. He looking intently into her eyes, some time spans, cupping her face. It takes a few seconds, during which Picchi remains stationary, but when released, rushes rapidly to the piano, jumps on the round chair, and the blow of the paw on the right side of the keyboard is heard ringing several treble notes."
Bekhterev argued, that transfer of and reading information through brain, this wondrous ability to, - called telepathy, can be realized and without the knowledge of inspiring and transmitting. Numerous experiments on the transmission of thoughts at a distance were perceived in two ways. In recent experiments Bekhterev further work "under the eye of the NKVD."